Urine is one of the important excretion pathways for human metabolites, and its composition can reflect the internal conditions of our body. Urinalysis is one of the commonly used methods in modern medical examinations, through which many diseases and symptoms can be discovered and understood. Urinalysis can detect many diseases through urine testing, including the following OK points:
1. Urinary system diseases
Urinalysis can detect diseases of the urinary system, including cystitis, urethritis, kidney stones and other diseases. Urinalysis can be used to find out whether there are bacteria, white blood cells, red blood cells and other physiological abnormalities in the urine. It can also be detected through urinalysis The content of various hormones and substances such as cortisol and renin can be obtained, so as to understand the nature and symptoms of the disease more accurately.
Urine testing is very important for diabetic patients. You can know whether you have diabetes, uremia and other diseases by testing the glucose content in your urine. Therefore, urine testing is an effective method for diagnosing diabetes.
3. Kidney function test
A urine test can also be used to assess whether the kidneys are functioning normally. By testing the content of uric acid, creatinine, albumin and other substances in urine, you can evaluate whether the kidneys are functioning normally, and check whether the kidneys are damaged or have diseases, such as nephritis, kidney cancer and other kidney diseases.
4. Heart disease
Urine testing can also be used to assess the health of the heart. Through urine testing of myocardial enzymes, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and other substances, it can be used to assess whether the heart is damaged or has diseases, including coronary heart disease.
method of urinalysis
Urinalysis is the quantitative and qualitative analysis of urine components. It is not only a routine examination, but also an auxiliary means for disease detection. The methods of urine test can be mainly divided into the following categories:
1. External vision and odor observation: Separate the protein and blood in the urine, and generally judge the disease by the color, concentration, odor and other characteristics.
2. pH measurement: use pH measurement to understand the acidity and alkalinity of urine, so as to check whether there are diseases in the urinary system.
3. Physical properties inspection: including the specific gravity, transparency, smell, color and other physical properties of urine.
4. Chemical properties inspection: perform qualitative and quantitative analysis on the components of urine through chemical reactions, as shown in the reaction table.
5. Observation under a microscope: Use a microscope to observe the cells and crystals in the sample to determine whether there is a urinary system disease.
6. Urine composition analysis: Urine composition analysis is a high-precision analysis technology that can quantitatively analyze various components in urine, such as protein, acid, fat, carbohydrates, etc., and find abnormalities in trace elements and other fine tissues .
Taken together, urinalysis is an efficient, safe, and effective inspection method that can meet the detection needs of different diseases, including urinary system, diabetes, heart disease, etc. In daily life, people can also know the condition of the body through the urine test, detect the abnormality of the body in time, and avoid the occurrence of the disease.